There are few artistic achievements that independent India can be proud of. Perhaps the only one that stands up to scrutiny is the Hindi Film Song in its most fertile period, that is, from about 1935 to 1968 or say, ’70. The melodies were usually based on Hindustani ragas or folk songs from various regions of India. The orchestration or the combination of instruments accompanying the singer was an acquired characteristic. Those who followed the polyphonic orchestral explorations of Ti