The Citizenship (Amendment) Act of 2019 (CAA), the 10th since 1957, has ignited unprecedented opposition, caused riots and polarised people on religious lines. Curiously, India did not have any law on acquisition or termination of citizenship before Independence. The dilemma of who is an Indian citizen confounded the constitution makers and Parliament after Independence. The history of citizenship rights is very short, as it started in 1949 with the adoption of the Constitution. The specifi