Encephalitis is a curse for the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. During the last decade, it proved fatal for hundreds of children in the districts of Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, Siddharthanagar and Maharajganj. The situation has become even more critical because of lack of medical aid required to cope, as well as negligence of hygiene in affected areas. This year, from January to November 21, 569 patients died of encephalitis. In 2011, 627 died and 619 in 2013. In the period of 2005 to 2013,