The Allahabad High Court, on October 12, 2017 ruled that in the murder of Aarushi Talwar, only daughter of dentists Rajesh Talwar and Nupur Talwar, and their domestic help Hemraj, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) had “failed to prove its case against the accused-appellants beyond all reasonable doubts” and that “the case against the appellants (the Talwar couple), cannot be sustained”.

The two-member bench of Justice Bala Krishna Narayana and Justice Arvind Kumar Mishra, quoted section 106 of the Indian Evidence Act, commenting that while the Act “lays down only this much that if a fact is in the “special knowledge of a person” and other side could not have due knowledge of it in spite of due diligence and care then burden of proving that fact lies on such person in whose special knowledge it is.  But it goes on to say that “before Section 106 of the Evidence Act could be applied in the instant case (against the Talwars) it was incumbent upon the prosecution to establish by cogent and reliable evidence inter alia that the appellants were awake in the night of the occurrence (of the two murders)”.

This basically means that the prosecution agency, the CBI, could not prove that the parents were awake on the night of the murders and because of that had “special knowledge” of the case. The CBI had claimed, and had got a verdict in its favour from the special CBI court in Ghaziabad, that the parents had committed the murders of their daughter and the domestic help Hemraj Banjade.

According to the CBI  the parents were awake on the night of the murders—the night of May 15, 2008. It is also apparent in the high court judgment that the factors that point towards the Talwars’  involvement, including changing statements and concealing information apart from alleged “dressing up” of the crime scene, have not been appreciated. The wheels have been taken off the CBI’s case in as much that key prosecution witnesses have been found “unreliable,” not least of all Talwars’ maid Bharti Mandal.Arguably, this raises questions about the soundness of the judgment. More so because the main points of Mandal’s testimony have remained consistent for almost ten years now For journalists who met her the first day, her statements in the court stand out.

According to the high court, the CBI needs to first prove first that the parents were awake on the night of the murders before they can be accused of the crime. A motive then becomes paramount, and it is the CBI’s case that Aarushi and Hemraj were found in the middle of a sexual encounter, which drove the parents to murder. But this is also where this highly publicised case hit a roadblock ever since the crime took place. It has travelled through the hands of Noida police to the first CBI team which tried to prove the murderers were the servants—Krishna Thadarai, compounder at the clinic of Dr Rajesh Talwar; and Raj Kumar, domestic help at the Durranis, family friends of the Talwars; and Vijay Mandal, the domestic help of a Talwar neighbour in Jalvayu Vihar, Sector-25, Noida. It then went into the hands of the second CBI team which again pointed towards the parents. This team, after an initial closure report citing lack of prosecutable evidence, went on to prove before the Ghaziabad court that the parents were the murderers.

In the absence of motive and a clear narrative of events, however, it depended almost entirely on circumstantial evidence, some of which was inadmissible in court. The CBI laid the burden of proof on the parents as they had “special knowledge” and the lower court accepted it.

The verdict, however, has taken pains to hint that there was evidence against the servants the CBI did not look through or ignored, manipulated, and instead had a tilt towards the parents to hide its own failures.

It failed to convince the high court, and this was in many ways  bound to happen. The law allows for role-reversal on proof only when the most plausible sequence of events is proved  “beyond reasonable doubt”. Consequently, this case remained an enigma for investigators, media and the public since no thread seemed to hold when stretched under the scrutiny of law.

The verdict, however, has taken pains to hint that there was evidence against the servants the CBI did not look through or ignored, manipulated, and instead had a tilt towards the parents to hide its own failures.

The appeal before the high court was specific—whether there was enough evidence to convict the Talwars. The court didn’t think so, and ordered their acquittal. In doing so, the judges exceeded their mandate by unnecessarily pointing to the servants’ “possible” involvement in the murders. This appeal was about the parents and not the servants. Some sections of the media have already come out with definite answers on the servants’ culpability.

Anyone who has followed this case would find it difficult to remain unaffected by the media coverage. A book and some films have also influenced public opinion. One expects, however, that the judiciary would resist their trappings and rely, rather, on facts. At the outset the judgment buys into the idea that the Talwars were doting parents. The notion challenges our mindsets, but abuse and homicide is common behind closed doors of our homes. On page 3, the judgment says, “…on account of the fact that mother of Dr. Rajesh Talwar had expired, in order to give great love and affection to the newly born Aarushi, they decided to buy a flat bearing Flat No. L-32 in Jalvayu Vihar, Noida, the primary consideration being its close vicinity to the flat in which Aarushi’s grandparents and Dr. Nupur Talwar’s parents Group Captain B.G. Chitnis (Retd.) and Smt. Lata Chitnis were residing which would facilitate a better upbringing of (Aarushi)…”

One must applaud the parental instincts of the judges, if not those of anybody else’s here.

Nupur Talwar’s statements to various investigating agencies have been inconsistent. On page 7, however, the judges accepted one of the most contentious and unclear issues as a given. While saying, “…in Aarushi’s bedroom appellant Dr. Nupur Talwar went to Aarushi’s room to switch on the router leaving the key of door of Aarushi’s bedroom in the lock”, they have established as fact that Nupur left the keys in the slot, when as per other witnesses both Rajesh and Nupur testified to the contrary in statements to the Noida police during initial investigations. The Talwars though deny having made any such statement.

This detail is important because Aarushi’s bedroom door had an auto-lock that could only be opened from the inside or with a key from the outside. In their initial statements to Noida police, both Rajesh and Nupur Talwar said that they had the keys to Aarushi’s room. Rajesh said that someone may have picked up the keys from their room as they slept. So an outsider not only entered the house but also took the keys to Aarushi’s room from the parents’ bedside or perhaps underneath their pillows. This would mean the parents were so fast asleep that they could not even sense someone opening their door and picking up the keys from their bedside. 

Later, Nupur and Rajesh made a “material addition” in their statements. For instance, Nupur said she may have left the key in the slot after she went to Aarushi’s room to switch on the internet router. This door could not be opened from outside without a key. In the initial investigations by Noida police Rajesh had said that the keys to Aarushi’s room were in his room, which someone may have picked up, but changed this detail later. The judges have accepted their arguments as a fact, whilst at best it was a contentious detail. The prosecution’s case was that the Talwars were lying about their possession of Aarushi’s room keys as was evident from their inconsistent statements. The High Court judgment goes on to rule:

 “Even (if) the aforesaid circumstance, for the sake of arguments, is accepted to be true, the same is not conclusive proof of the fact that in the intervening night of 15/16 .5. 2008 no one else apart from Talwars could have accessed Aarushi’s bedroom.”

Yes indeed it is not conclusive proof. Aarushi’s room could also be accessed through a common bathroom or she could have let her killers in. Yet the fact is that the key being left in the slot is not a “matter of fact” (which the judges have seemingly determined as a given).

One of the most crucial testimonies is that of the Talwars’ maid Bharti Mandal. The prosecution relied on it to establish that when Bharti rang the door-bell at 6 a.m. on May 16 the house was locked from inside. The main entrance had an arrangement of three doors. The first was an outer mesh door after which there was a small passage. Next was a middle mesh grill door and the third, a wooden door; the last two were in the same frame. In the passage between the outer and the middle door, there is a door into the room of Hemraj. There is another way into Hemraj’s room that opens in the living-cum-dining area of the apartment.

When Bharti arrives, she rings the doorbell thrice. According to her testimony, she placed her hand on the outer door but it did not open. After a while Nupur appears and opens the wooden door. She asks Bharti where Hemraj is and on receiving a reply in the negative says that he must have gone to ‘fetch milk from the Mother Dairy and that Bharti should wait outside until he returns.’ Bharti asks Nupur Talwar if she does not have the keys to the house?

Nupur gets the keys, interestingly, from Hemraj’s room, according to the Talwars own statement. She asks Bharti to go downstairs so that she could throw the keys from the balcony. This key is to the middle door, not the outer mesh door. Now this is a two-way lock that can be opened both from the inside and outside. The prosecution’s case is that Nupur could have easily tried to open the lock from inside and the act of sending the maid downstairs was to buy time. Buy time for what exactly? To open the outer door that was latched from inside.

However, the defence claims that the fact that Bharti is asking for the keys to the middle door implies that she had already opened the outer door and walked through the passage. This detail represents another instance of a shifting of stance by the defence. Nupur had stated earlier that Bharti was indeed standing outside the outer mesh door when she spoke with her. 

The defence vehemently argued in and outside court that when Bharti said she placed her hand on the outer door and it did not open, it was because she was tutored by the CBI prosecutor to say so. R. K. Saini, public prosecutor in this case explains: “Before a witness appears in court, it is the right and the duty of a prosecutor to know and understand what the witness is going to say. That is what happened on the day of her testimony. How does that become tutoring? No one from the CBI ever visited her house before she came to the court. If I tutor a witness, won’t I tutor her much before?”

Hindi—the language in which her testimony is recorded in the trial court —is not Bharti’s first language. Neither is English—the language in which the appellate court examined her testimony. Is it possible that the meaning of what she said was lost in translation? 

 Bharti has steadfastly maintained that she was not a tutored witness and that she was only asked to repeat the sequence of events in as much detail as she could. The defence in Bharti’s cross-examination elicited a response from her that she was saying ‘what she was explained’ and presented it as a revelation that discredits her testimony. Or was it just a question of semantics?  It is noteworthy that this response of Bharti was not to the specific question of whether she had indeed placed her hand on the outer mesh door or not but a part of routine introductory questions that were posed to her.

Hindi—the language in which her testimony is recorded in the trial court —is not Bharti’s first language. Neither is English—the language in which the appellate court examined her testimony. Is it possible that the meaning of what she said was lost in translation? Speaking of credibility, Bharti’s version of events has been consistent for nearly 10 years now. The details of her testimony in trial court match with what Bharti had told journalists on the morning of May 16, 2008, when police had not recorded her first statement and the murders hadn’t become the phenomenon it did.

Coming back to Bharti’s testimony, the second half is even more insightful. As per Nupur’s instructions, Bharti went downstairs. Nupur tells her from the balcony that the middle mesh grill door is not locked but latched from outside. Again Nupur has denied making this statement in court. Yet again this shift in stance is caught out. 

Bharti asks Nupur to throw down the key anyway. When Bharti comes back up, she puts her hand on the outer-mesh door. This time it opens. She walks across the passage, unlatches the inner/middle grille-door and walks into the house. There she finds Nupur and Rajesh Talwar crying in the living room.

This is where things get more interesting. How much time would it have taken for Bharti to come from the ground floor up to the second floor apartment of the Talwars? Two, maybe three minutes. Within these 2-3 minutes, the Talwars discover the body of their daughter for the first time. They’re able to process the shock. They cover it with a white sheet or flannel blanket (crime scene photos show Aarushi’s body covered with a white sheet while the Talwars maintain that it was covered with a flannel blanket). They exit her room and are found by Bharti crying in the living room. They are also able to determine that Hemraj murdered their daughter and ran away. Nupur shows Bharti  Aarushi’s body saying, ‘Dekho Hemraj kya karke gaya hai (Look what Hemraj has done and gone),” all in a matter of 2-3 minutes. The prosecution sees this behaviour as unnatural, rehearsed. And this is where they argued for the applicability of Section 106—that the Talwars had foreknowledge of Aarushi’s death before Bharti rang the door bell. What happened was in their “special knowledge” and the onus was on them to explain what happened. The defence argued that different people behave differently under different circumstances. The judges concurred.

Why did they overlook this sequence of events? The judges have erroneously said that within hours of the discovery of Aarushi’s body the flat was swarming with people (including the press). This has been repeated by the defence counsel, as also the author Avirook Sen. Many journalists have put it on record that no outsider (i.e. the press) entered the house on May 16. People who did enter had permission from family members, except the police who too were pressured to go find Hemraj instead of “wasting time” there. There were many people in the house the next day, on May 17, by which time the alleged dressing up of the crime scene and the manipulations had already been done. On May 16 only the family and friends of the Talwars and the police had access to the flat—not the media.

The judgement is also found wanting/confusing on some factual aspects. For instance, the judges note that:

“The Senior most police officer on the crime scene Mahesh Kumar Mishra S.P. (City) asked the constable to break the lock but the lock could not be broken as they “could not find aloxite”. However, as per Noida police records and Mahesh Mishra’s own testimony in the trial court, on May 16 he had not asked that the lock be broken. He had instead said the lock be removed along with the latch since it was important evidence; he mentioned that he could see blood on the lock and the door, and that he had asked for the lock to be removed along with the latch with the help of a mechanic. The judges said later, commenting on testimony of the Noida police’s initial investigating officer (IO) Datta Ram Naunaria, that nobody stopped him from breaking the lock, without taking into account that Rajesh did discourage the breaking of the lock by pressuring the police to go find Hemraj instead of wasting time on lock and key. Perhaps a rushed and unrepresentative conclusion has been drawn by the judges in observing that not breaking the lock was not just because of negligence by Naunaria, but also on account of stalling by the Talwars.

Later mentioning that Rajesh climbed up to the terrace after being asked to identify the body, which was heavily swollen, the judges say he was shocked and called Nupur to ask about Hemraj’s T-shirt and confirmed to the police that the body was that of Hemraj after looking at his hair. Also, the judgment ignores the fact that many witnesses, including policemen, had testified before the CBI trial court in Ghaziabad that Rajesh Talwar was reluctant or refused to identify the body . The judges, however, discount Mishra’s testimony on the ground that he did not mention this in his statement to the IO of the CBI, Vijay Kumar.

Two things warrant a mention here: One, what an IO records or not as part of a 161 CrPC statement has little or no value compared to what the witness himself has said under oath in court.  Also a lot of IO records are based on his/her capability and skill to ask relevant probing questions from the witness. Secondly, IO Vijay Kumar was part of Arun Kumar’s team which was quite motivated in trying to prove that the servants, including Krishna and Raj Kumar were responsible for the murders. 

Also, the judges do not question the veracity of Rajesh’s statements on the sequence of events on the morning of May 16 wherein he details the conversations and sequence of events between Nupur and Bharti Mandal, having already said that he was sleeping when Mandal rang the doorbell! Also, Rajesh’s statement that the prosecution witness Sanjay Chauhan did not visit the house has been accepted at face value. If one believes the place was “swarming with people” could he really have deciphered who was Sanjay Chauhan and whether or not he visited the house?

It seems that the judges give undue weightage and space to Nupur and Rajesh Talwars’ statements, a courtesy not extended to any of the other witnesses, including the chief investigator AGL Kaul. In fact, there has been a determined attempt to discard his findings and paint him as someone who had an agenda against the parents.

The judges say that AGL Kaul “surreptitiously” got the statements of witnesses Rajeev Kumar Varshney and Rohit Kochar recorded under the section 164 of the CrPC before the Metropolitan Magistrate at the Karkardooma courts in Delhi and not before the CJM, Ghaziabad. The use of the word “surreptitious” is unwarranted since it is common practice to record witnesses’ statements keeping in mind the criticality of the testimony and convenience of the witnesses (like distance involved) and is acceptable across the courts in the country.

While examining the statements of Varshney and Kochar, both dentists and friends of the Talwars, the judges ignored important sequence of events on the morning of May 16 when police asked for the keys to the terrace of the Talwars but were not provided.

As per his testimony, when Varshney reached the building around 9 a.m. on May 16, he accidentally climbed up to the terrace since he did not know the house number. He saw the door locked and also noticed blood spots on the lock handle as well as on the stairs and the parapet. He came downstairs, went inside the house where guests were present and told Rajesh about the blood spots. He says he also showed the spots to Kochar and a policeman who visited the house a little later. He clearly testifies that Rajesh came out of the house and climbed towards the terrace, but then turned back and went into the house. The key to the terrace was never handed over to police and it was later said the key was not available. This conduct is perceived as suspicious and puts Rajesh Talwar in the category of a person with “special knowledge” about the crime and its details – that behind that locked door, Hemraj’s body was lying on the terrace. The defence counsel, during Varshney’s cross-examination, made a case that the witness was not absolutely sure that it was indeed blood that he saw or did his eyes and mind play a trick on him? This was sufficient for judges in Allahabad to discount Varsheny’s testimony.

In his testimony Kochar also mentions that when Varshney told him about the blood spots he too went upstairs and noticed the blood on the handle of the lock as well as the stairs. He also mentions that there were spots of footsteps red in colour and it seemed that there had been attempts to clean them. He says that when a policeman came to the spot Varshney and he asked for the lock to be broken open.

But when asked for the keys to the terrace door Rajesh came out, climbed a few stairs and then went back in, not to come back for quite long after that. Thereafter, Aarushi’s body had come back after the postmortem, he goes on to say. This testimony too indicates that Rajesh had “special knowledge” about the events but the judges ignored it.

Further on, the judges rely on a defence witness to return the following finding: “DW4 R.K. Sharma categorically denied having noticed any bloodstains or marks of wiped out blood or dragging on the staircase of the Talwars’ flat leading to the terrace, its railing or the landing or having noticed any bloodstains or blood marks or sign of marks of dragging.”

Defence witness 4 R. K. Sharma was a forensic expert. He was called upon to make a case, among other things, that a golf stick could not have been a murder weapon. He never visited the crime scene on May 16 or 17 2008. His statement was never recorded by any investigator. Unlike Dr. Rajiv Varshney and Dr Rohit Kochar, he was not an eyewitness. He testified in this matter for the first time on  June 25, 2013. Then how can his statement be used to establish that there weren’t any bloodstains or wiped blood marks near the terrace door, on the stairs, etc. on May 16, 2008. Clearly there’s something amiss here—maybe the judges wanted to cite DW-5 Vikas Sethi and not R. K Sharma. Vikas Sethi is Talwars’ administrative assistant at their South Delhi clinic. He was one of three men who had dumped Aarushi’s mattress on the neighbor’s terrace at around 4 p.m. in the afternoon of May 16, while Hemraj’s body lay on the adjacent terrace.

It is also important to take into account the testimony of Puneesh Tandon, a neighbour who stayed on the floor below. He states that when he reached the Talwar house after hearing sounds of crying he saw Nupur sitting next to Aarushi’s body while Rajesh got up from the outer room and sat near Aarushi’s feet. When he asked Nupur’s parents if the police had been informed they said the landline was not working and so they would go to their house, first inform their son in Dubai about the murder and then call the police. Wasn’t informing the police a priority? Investigators feel that this oversight was deliberate and in this time, evidence was compromised.

Tandon also says he returned home and called the security guard asking him to call the police saying there had been a murder in flat L-32. He also testified that the terrace door of L-32 was always only latched or open and that he had never seen a lock on it, which again raises doubts why an outsider who committed the murders would take  pains to put a lock on the door and hide Hemraj’s body.

Similarly, the judges discard the testimony of Dr. Sunil Kumar Dohre. Dohre is an interesting witness who has testified in court that he was pressurised by the Talwars during the post-mortem. The jury is still out on this claim. While calling his statements “dramatically opposite” to what he said earlier, the judges overlook one detail—that he made these additions when AGL Kaul questioned him. He was either not questioned or was purposely silent on those aspects earlier and the trial court admonished and passed strictures against this doctor. “He also stated that the whitish discharge was present in the vaginal cavity (of Aarushi) whereas in the postmortem report he had mentioned whitish discharge in the column of “genitalia’,” the judges assert, which does not seem to make any sense. They should have explained what the difference between the “vaginal cavity” and “genitalia” really is if this was to be a basis for rejection of Dohre’s testimony. Also, it is important to note here that if this aspect were to be rejected now, it would also be enough grounds to discard the defence theory that the servants sexually assaulted Aarushi on the night.

The Talwars’ driver, Umesh Sharma, emerges from the Allahabad judgment as a reliable witness. Incidentally, he was declared hostile by the prosecution and regularly changed statements unlike Bharti Mandal. In court, Umesh testified that he came to the Talwars’ house to hand over the car keys on May 15, 2008 at 8.45 p.m. whereas in his initial statements he said that he visited the house around 9.30 p.m. This was reported by the media too and is important as Aarushi’s phone had been switched off around 9.10 p.m. and Umesh had initially said that he sensed that there had been an altercation at home. 

The judges say that “from the evidence of PW-15 Umesh Sharma, it is fully proved that the second door (F) of Hemraj’s room which was near the main door of the appellants’ flat remained closed because in front of that door of Hemraj’s room a refrigerator had been put and the door of Hemraj’s room which opened in the drawing room of the flat alone was used by him for ingress and egress into the flat.” The attempt being made here is to “establish” that Nupur Talwar could not have walked through this door (F) from Hemraj’s room to latch the middle door of the house from outside while also opening the outer door for Bharti Mandal that was probably locked from inside.

Whether Nupur Talwar did this or not is in her “special knowledge,” but surely Umesh’s testimony can’t be used as the “gold standard” to establish this. The judges cite his testimony to say that the defence proposition is “fully proven”.  Incidentally Nupur Talwar in her statements under section 313 of the CrPC said there was a big table and not a fridge blocking the said door, which means either the driver or the parents are untruthful or at least inaccurate. How could the judges miss this point? This alone should have been enough to discredit the proposition that this door couldn’t be used for ingress and egress! Moreover a fridge or a table, whatever it was–are eminently movable or maybe there’s something that we don’t know and the Talwars do.

The crime scene images of Hemraj’s room tell a story in themselves—no fridge or a table is blocking the said entrance. Another shocker is that the judges accepted Sharma’s statement that the outer door used to open with some effort and with a noise, regarding which he says “yeh darwaza jhatke ke saath aur awaaz ke saath khulta thha” which is an attempt to counter Bharti Mandal’s statement that the door did not open when she put her hand on it. The judges have also relied on a statement by Shashi Devi, who reportedly used to iron clothes at a makeshift stall downstairs and would visit the house to collect clothes to be ironed, that the outer door would stay jammed. She says, “baahri darwaza chipka rehta thha”. The judges relied on this statement purely based on the defence’s arguments—Shashi Devi was never produced in court. In her 161 CrPC statement to the investigators, Shashi says, “Baahri darwaza chipka rehta thha (Outer door used to stick)”.  Shashi Devi was never summoned as a witness in court and the judges have relied on her 161 CrPC statement while they have not extended the same courtesy to Bharti Mandal’s 161 CrPC statement. Yes, different people react differently to different circumstances but why different benchmarks for different witnesses? “Darwaaza chipka rehta tha” –Umesh suggests this, Shashi Devi says this (outside court of course), Rajesh and Nupur Talwar too use exactly the same phrase. Sounds synchronised to the extent of “tutoring.”

Most importantly, archive videos accessed by Fountain Ink from April 16 and 17, 2008, clearly show that the door opened and closed effortlessly, without noise or getting jammed or sticking to the frame. The door hits the frame and rebounds back. Seemingly the point didn’t hit home for the judges.

The judges say on page 7 that the “ACs (in the house) were a bit noisy.” The Talwars heard the doorbell in the morning on the second instance as per the judgment, and so it is a matter of conjecture how noisy the ACs actually were and cannot be determined with any certainty. Also, how noisy could the split AC in Aarushi’s room have been? How can these facts be determined?

Further, pages 142 and 143 of the judgement says:

“The explanation that the appellants knew nothing as they were sleeping cannot be termed as no explanation and/or false explanation as from the evidence adduced by the CBI itself it was proved that if someone was sleeping in the Talwars’ bedroom with the air-conditioners on which were a bit noisy it was not possible for them to have heard the sounds of moving foot steps, closing and opening of doors inside the Talwars’ flat.”

So what “evidence” was “adduced” by CBI to ascertain that if the Talwars were sleeping that night, they could not hear what was happening to their daughter in the next room and in the rest of their 1300sq ft apartment. The reference here is to a so-called “scientific” sound simulation test conducted in the night under the watch of then joint director of CBI Arun Kumar. He had this test done but it was never relied on by the prosecution because it is highly dubious and suspect. It has no scientific basis—we all have different hearing capacities, our ears are sensitive to different frequencies. How can anyone truly simulate the acoustic environment of what actually happened that night. It was all guesswork and “pseudo-science”.  Here’s what actually was done in the so-called sound test—the ACs were turned on and one individual was made to walk in the house and open Aarushi’s room’s door. Based on the Talwars own plea that they had heard a sound like a dropping of the fork in the night, a fork was then faithfully dropped in the dining room. This formed the basis of a hypothesis that the Talwars in their sleep would not have heard what happened in their house. The sound of a fork falling on the floor, that too in the dining room, is incomparable to the noise generated from the assaults on the victims. Also, going by defence and Arun Kumar’s theory, the servants were having a party in Hemraj’s room; why weren’t sounds of drunken revelry, of arguments and Nepalese songs supposedly playing on television also simulated in this test? All of this makes this sound test highly suspect.

The ACs were turned on and one individual was made to walk in the house and open Aarushi’s room’s door. Based on the Talwars own plea that they had heard a sound like a dropping of the fork in the night, a fork was then faithfully dropped in the dining room. This formed the basis of a hypothesis that the Talwars in their sleep would not have heard what happened in their house.

R. K. Saini, the public prosecutor, further elaborates: “Talwars were the masters of the house. They could have done what they wanted to the AC, made it noisy, made it bit noisy, made it very noisy. The incident happened on the night of  May 15. This sound test was conducted 26 days later on June 10. Talwars had ample opportunity to do what they wanted to the AC. That is why this test had no evidentiary value. The hon’ble judges in fact rejected the report regarding internet router activity in the night that actually established that the appellants were awake in the night. This internet log report was rejected on a technicality.”

Having questioned or rejected key witnesses, ignoring forensic findings, in the concluding section of the judgement, the judges reintroduce the scenario of alternative killers.

Krishna, Talwars’ compounder, is brought back into the mix. Contrary to forensic findings, earlier rulings of Allahabad High Court and the Apex Court itself, the judges cite so-called “clinching evidence” that tiny specks of Hemraj’s blood reached Krishna’s purple pillow cover. Looking at the gruesome nature of the murders, this blood spot is expected to be big enough, but the judges seemed to have missed this point. So let’s look at this “clinching evidence”. The judgement cites a report by CDFD Hyderabad from November 2008. The defence had time and again brought this report up for legal scrutiny before the trial and during the trial. According to the clarification submitted by CDFD on this report, the finding that DNA of Hemraj was found on Krishna’s pillow was on account of coding and a typographical error after exhibits were sent from CFSL Delhi to CDFD Hyderabad. The finding of both the labs was consistent­—DNA of Hemraj was recovered from Hemraj’s pillow and no DNA was found on Krishna’s pillow cover. That it was a typographical error or not was subjected to intense review back in 2011 by the Allahabad High Court itself. Surprisingly, Justice B. K. Narayana himself states in his revision order of March 2011:

 “….As far as the assertion made on behalf of the revisionist (Nupur Talwar) that Hemraj’s DNA was found on the pillow of Krishna recovered from his house and thus further investigation should have been ordered in that direction is concerned, the same is without any basis. From the perusal of record and submissions made which have been noted hereinabove it is apparent that the DNA of Hemraj was not found on Krishna’s pillow.”

Talwars have maintained that they received this report along with the annexures of the CBI closure report. It must be kept in mind that the CBI, in its closure report filed on December 29, 2010, had not attached this report. Talwars were summoned as accused in February 2011. They challenged the summoning order and the trial did not start until May 2012. Charges were not framed until then. Proceedings under Section 207 of CrPC had not even and begun this report was not supplied to them until May 2012. Then how did the Talwars get hold of this report after the closure report was filed in December 2010? They even attached a copy of this report as a supplementary affadavit in February 2011 in the Allahabad High Court. How did they gain access to information regarding this supposed clinching evidence against Krishna? Was someone on the inside helping them? The judgement is quite on this crucial aspect?

The CBI’s case is not without fault and gaps. Neither is the Allahabad High Court verdict. Hopefully, the Supreme Court will do justice to both Aarushi and Hemraj.

(This article by Arpit Parashar has been published posthumously.)