In 2012, the national power grid collapsed across 22 states, affecting half the population, due to a system overload. It may have been a crisis waiting to happen but a Union government probe into the two-day fiasco found that the reasons for failure included “mis-operation of the protection system of the 400 kV Bina-Gwalior link” in northern India. The committee ordered an audit of the protection systems, but it is unclear whether it was ever carried out or what it recommended. The e